The dangers of obesity are numerous and affect people in a number of ways. It has been found that obesity can cause more than 50 different health problems. Not only does obesity significantly increase the risk of those diseases that are among the main killers in the US such as diabetes, stroke, cancers and heart disease, it also contributes to mental health problems arising out of depression and social stigmatization. Hence, obesity and the dangers of obesity is gaining importance as it has the potential to considerably reduce one’s lifespan.
- Risk of Heart disease and Stroke: Obesity is likely to increase the risk of high blood pressure 6 times than in people who are lean. This in turn with other complications such as high levels of cholesterol in blood leads to a 32% greater risk of heart disease and 64% increase in risk of strokes.
- Risk of Diabetes: Diabetes and obesity are very closely associated with one another. In fact, it has been found that nearly 90% of those who suffer from type 2 diabetes are obese. The risk of diabetes comes from the fact that fat around the waist in particular causes improper processing of insulin leading to insulin resistance. Diabetes in turn leads to various other complications such as kidney failure, blindness, foot or leg amputations, etc.
- Risk of Cancer: Increasingly, obesity has been associated with various types of cancer such as breast cancer especially in postmenopausal women, colon and rectum cancer, esophagus, kidney, pancreas and thyroid. In addition, fat cells result in higher amounts of estrogen and the adipokine hormone which results in certain types of cancers.
The obesity that is referred to in the sections above is a condition wherein the waist is roughly more than one half of the height of an individual or the BMI (Body Mass Index) is greater than 30. Basically, when an individual consumes more calories than they burn over a long period of time, it strains the organs and other metabolic processes leading to various diseases. Conversely, all of these dangers of obesity can be mitigated by balancing the calorie intake through diet and exercise.